In order to understand the 2nd degree burns treatment, you first need to understand what exactly a second degree burn is. This is the kind of burn that gets through the first layer of the skin (the epidermis) and extends to burn part of the second layer (dermis) is called a second degree burn.
A second degree burn is characterized by:
- Severe pain and swelling
- Deep redness
- White or discolored irregular pattern on the burnt surface
The second degree burns are caused by:
- Severe sun burns
- Exposure to hot liquid or objects
- Contact with chemicals such as dilute sulphuric acid
- Exposure to flames
- 2nd degree burns treatment
If the surface of injury is less than three inches (7.6 centimetres) in diameter, it should be treated as a minor burn. In case the burnt area is much larger or has occurred on areas such as feet, hands, groin, buttocks or on a major joint, it should be treated as a major burn. Major 2nd degree burns require the immediate attention of a doctor.
Major 2nd degree burns treatment
Major 2nd degree burns treatment may take more than three weeks to heal. The specific kind of treatment for such burns will is determined by your doctor based on:
- The location of the burn
- Extent of the burn
- Cause of the burn
- Tolerance to specific drugs
- personal preference or opinion
- Medical history
- Overall health condition
2nd degree burns treatment do not usually require further treatment at the hospital. They usually heal in less than three weeks depending on the kind of care you are subjecting them to. However, they may sometimes heal with pigments changes, which mean the healed area will possess a different color compared to the surrounding skin.
During 2nd degree burns treatment:
- Cool the burn by placing the burnt area under cool running water for about ten to fifteen minutes or till the pain reduces. In case you do not have water running in your taps, you may as well deep the burnt area in a bucket. Cooling the injured area reduces the swelling by conducting heat off the skin.
- Wrap the wounded area with a sterile gauze bandage. You should not use fluffy cotton wool or any kind of fabric that will lint the wound. Wrap the bandage loosely to avoid subjecting the wound to pressure. Bandaging helps to reduce pain, keep air of the wound and protects the wound.
- Get some over-the-counter pain killers such as naproxen (Aleve), aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol). Be cautious when administering aspirins to children, especially those who are recovering from chicken pox as they may bring rise to some complications. Therefore, always get advise from a doctor in case you are treating a child.
As the wound heals, watch out for any signs of infection, such as fever, increased pain, redness, swelling and oozing. If there is an infection seek medical attention. Always avoid tanning or re-injuring the same spot if the burnt area has not lasted for more than one year. If you injure the same spot again, you may cause widespread pigmentation changes. Ensure that you use sunscreen on the affected area after the 2nd degree burns treatment is over to ensure it does not suffer the effects of the sun rays.
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